It consists of the examination of external female genitals in the gynaecological specula, during which a colposcopic examination of the uterine cervix is performed at first (it is, in fact, something like a microscopic examination) and the cytology withdrawal is made (once a year). Cytology is a smear from the external area of the cervix and from the cervical canal. It is a basic examination within the framework of preventing cancer development in this area of the female genitals.

We have extended the option of cytology sampling in liquid medium for our clients.

The new LBC method significantly improves the examination quality and increases the possibility for early detection of severe cell changes in the uterine cervix. At the same time, the method enables the detection of HPV virus, which causes this serious cervical illness, using the already collected swab.

The laboratory analyses the samples in two ways: microscopic examination via the human eye of a specialist – cyto-pathologist, and then re-evaluation using an electron microscope, which can locate and identify even a single abnormal cell in a clear field. This process markedly reduces the risk of overlooking significant changes in these cells.

In the classic, almost 50 year old sampling method for cytology on slides, testing efficiency only reaches a level of 60-70% in detecting pathological cells and finding undervaluation. The new computer method finds all the cancerous cells, so the accuracy of the laboratory exceeds 90%.

Then palpatory examination of the uterine and ovaries follows. In necessary cases the examination through the rectum is added. The physician’s optional possibility is then vaginal or abdominal ultrasound examination.

Vaccination WHICH IS OFFERED BY OUR WARD appears to be another preventive measure for the future. The vaccination developed specifically for women should protect against the aggressive HPV types at most. It is not only for girls who has not started their sexual life yet, but also for all of the women who are sexually active. That is to prevent repeated infection inception and to decrease the probability of cancer development.

Breast disease – capture and dispensarisation, recommendation for mammography and breast ultrasound, tight cooperation with a mammologist.